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Shelter From the Storm: A transformative agenda for women and girls in a crisis-prone world

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The adolescence witnesses a rapid physical, psychological and emotional development which is known as a period of storm and stress (Arnett, 1999; Scales, Benson, & Roehlkepartain, 2001). The puberty, sexuality, self-image, self-esteem, eating problems, egocentrism, moral growth, social identity development, relations with parents, siblings and peers, are only few of the aspects of the development at this stage, against which the adolescents respond through various behaviours. Such behaviours may be inappropriate, unsuitable, and wrong or may even harm the health of the adolescents.

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According to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, anyone under the age of 18 is considered a child. Children are granted special protections required by their age. Upholding these protections can help eliminate many of the conditions that contribute to adolescent pregnancy and mitigate the consequences to the girl, her household and her community. It would help end a vicious cycle of rights infringements, poverty, inequality, exclusion and adolescent pregnancy

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Despite some of the achievements, problem related to gender inequality still persist at a wide scale in the Kosovar society. One of the most problematic areas pertaining to gender relations is linked to gender based violence, which is evidenced to begin very early in the lives of Kosovo youth. Until recently, in Kosovo most of the studies on partner violence were focused mainly on married or cohabiting couples, however, with few initial on violence in schools but missing studies including individuals in nonresidential dating relationships, the relationship type that is most common during early adulthood. Given the higher prevalence of partner violence among young adults, adolescents are a crucial group for study and intervention. Patterns of conflict that precipitate domestic violence in the adult years may start in adolescent dating experiences.

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UNFPA, is the United Nations development agency that promotes universal access to sexual and reproductive health (including family planning), promotes reproductive rights, reduces maternal mortality and supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. 

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Fact sheet is a part of a UNFPA global initiative on the elimination of child marriages. It provides information about the issue of child marriage in Kosovo and offers recommendations aimed at addressing the issue. It includes a review of national legislation and ratification of various international standards, analysis of current practices and attitudes towards child marriage, statistical information about prevalence, where available.
 

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Presentation by Ms. Doina Bologa, Head of the UNFPA Kosovo Office, explains concept of reproductive health and main achievements in the world, presentation by Minister of Health Mr. Ferid Agani on Reproductive Health situation in Kosovo stresses achievements and challenges. Last presentation focus the topic of Family planning and population in Kosovo by Professor at the University of Prishtina Ms. Mimoza Dushi.
 

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It would have been possible to recalculate the indices for the population as a whole by assigning weightings of 40% and 60% to the values obtained for the urban and rural populations, respectively; those proportions appear quite plausible in light of the last census and the rural exodus revealed by the survey. This was not done, however, because the adjustment would have resulted in only an illusory gain in accuracy, for two reasons:

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The age distribution of a population is determined by the interaction of fertility, mortality and international migration . Where fertility is high, populations tend to have a young age structure.Where fertility is low / falling, populations tend to have an older age structure.Where fertility is low / falling, populations tend to have an older age structure

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In response to the need for current economic, social, and demographic data to help in the reconstruction and development of Kosovo following the end of conflict in 1999, the first Kosovo-wide household-based Demographic, Socioeconomic and Reproductive Health Survey was conducted from November 1999 to February 2000. A second Kosovo Demographic, Social and Reproductive Health Survey was conducted in July of 2003 to provide updated information and collect information on some additional topics. We abbreviate these as the Kosovo Demographic and Health Survey – KDHS. 

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